Optometry OHIP Billing Codes ‘Cheat Sheet’

Courtney Marie L.
Jul. 1, 2019
10-minute read

Learning optometry billing can sometimes be tricky as it’s not really something you typically study for before you have to use it.

That being said, if you’re going to be billing on your own, then it’s important to take the time to learn what’s available.

So, in an attempt to try and help save you some time, we’ve put together an optometry cheat sheet that lists all of the fee codes available for eye exams.

Don’t forget to bookmark it, that way you can quickly reference it to make sure you’ve submitted the correct diagnosis and fee code. For a printable PDF scroll to the bottom.

Periodic Oculo-Visual Assessment

  • V404 Assessment of the eye and vision system for patients 19 of age or less.
  • V406 Assessment of the eye and vision system for patients 65 of age or more.

Limited to one per patient per 12 consecutive months.

Major Eye Examination Optometry OHIP Billing Codes

V409 Assessment of the eye and vision system for patients between age 20-64.

  • Requirements: valid requisition from a physician or a registered nurse and one of the following conditions: Diabetes Mellitus
    Retinal Disease
    Visual Field Defects
    Corneal Disease
    Recurrent Uveitis
    Optic Pathway Disease

Major Eye Examination includes:

  • Relevant history
  • Visual acuity examination
  • Ocular motility examination
  • Refraction and written refractive prescription if required.
  • Slit lamp examination of the anterior segment.
  • Ophthalmoscopy by one or more direct binocular indirect ophthalmoscope, monocular indirect ophthalmoscope or no contact fundus lens.
  • Advice /instruction to the patient.
  • Letter outlining the findings of examination.
  • Tonometry
  • Visual field examination by confrontation field.
  • Dilated fundus examination by one or more direct binocular indirect ophthalmoscope, monocular indirect ophthalmoscope or no contact fundus lens.

Oculo-visual Minor Assessment

V402 for patient aged 19 or less or age 64 or more.

V408 for patient aged 20 to 64.

  • Assessment of the eye and vision system clinically required for the purpose of assessing or reassessing a single ocular condition.
  • History or presenting complaint.
  • Advice/instruction to the patient.

V409 must have been rendered within a 12 month period preceding the date of the oculo-visual minor assessment.

Automated Visual Fields Assessment

V410 Assessment of the eye and vision system for the purpose of mapping patient’s visual fields.

  • Patients age 19 or less or 64 or older, the service is insured when the automated visual field assessment is clinically necessary to determine the extent and sensitivity or the patient’s visual fields.
  • Patients age 20-64 the service in insured when following a major eye examination (V409) or a minor assessment (V408).

MSCC Program

MSCC Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP).

V450 Periodic oculo-visual assessment rendered to patients of ages 20-64 who are recipients of income support under the Ontario Disability Support Program Act.

MCSS Ontario Works Program (OW)

V451 Periodic oculo-visual assessment rendered to patients between ages 20-64 who are recipients of income assistance or benefits under the Ontario Works Act.

Optometry OHIP Diagnostic Codes

Diagnostic Code
Aphakia 360
Retinal Detachment 361
Hypertensive Retinopathy 362
Chorioretinitis 363
Iritis 364
Glaucoma 365
Cataract, excludes diabetic or congenital 366
Myophia astigmatism 367
Amblyopia, Visual field defects 368
Blindness and low vision 369
Keratitis, corneal ulcer 370
High Myopia greater than 9 diopters 371
Conjunctiva disorders 372
Blepharitis, chalazion, style 373
Other eyelid disorders 374
Dacryocystitis, Obstruction of lacrimal duct 375
Keratoconus 376
Optic Neuritis 377
Strabismus 378
Other disorders of the eye 379

Optometry OHIP Billing Tips to Avoid Submission Errors

If you get a submission error then your claim didn’t pass OHIP’s pre-edit approval process.

This isn’t a big deal, it just means you’ve made a mistake when submitting your claim and didn’t follow one of the rules outlined above.

While this will delay your payment, submission errors are usually easy to fix. For example, most optometry errors are a direct result of:

  • A fee code conflict – so assessment is required (For example your diagnostic code doesn’t match your billing code).
  • Your Patient doesn’t have insurance.

Always check those two things before submitting a claim to OHIP.

If you do get a submission error it will be outlined in your Claim Error Report using a specific code. This code will explain what rule you violated.

How to Avoid Rejections

Rejections in Optometry OHIP Billing are usually caused by errors in follow up visits. For example, if you see a patient who is covered under OHIP and they have a follow-up visit, that follow-up visit is only billable if it’s claimed with the same diagnostic as in the original exam.

If the follow-up is billed with a different diagnostic your claim will be rejected.

Additionally, make sure the follow-up is billed on a different date of service than the full exam was.

When a claim does get rejected, or is reduced, you can resubmit the claim and inquire to appeal the decision. To inquire about your rejected claims you need to fill out the Remittance Advice Inquiry form.

This needs to be done within four months from the issue date of the RA report (that detailed the claim in question).

Keep in mind that claims have to be submitted within six months of the original date of service. Anything submitted after six months will be rejected and become ‘stale dated‘ claims.

If you’re interested in other OHIP fee codes, make sure to save a link to our OHIP searchable database below. You can search by speciality, billing code or keyword.

OHIP billing codes Searchable Database

Final Takeaway:

Remember you have the option of ” starring” your most commonly used billing codes. Using this feature will help save you time as your most commonly used billing codes will appear at the top of your lists so you can find them easier.

Contact us if you have any questions regarding Optometry OHIP Billing Codes.

Looking to maximize your billing?

Check out The Ultimate OHIP Billing Guide for more tips, tricks and automated features!

This article offers general information only and is not intended as legal, financial or other professional advice. A professional advisor should be consulted regarding your specific situation. While information presented is believed to be factual and current, its accuracy is not guaranteed and it should not be regarded as a complete analysis of the subjects discussed. All expressions of opinion reflect the judgment of the author(s) as of the date of publication and are subject to change. No endorsement of any third parties or their advice, opinions, information, products or services is expressly given or implied by RBC Ventures Inc. or its affiliates.

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Courtney Marie L
Writer and editor with a demonstrated history of working in the Canadian healthcare sector and the publishing industry. Skilled in writing, editing, proofreading, Spanish to English translation, and teaching English as a second language. Strong communications professional with a Bachelor of Arts in Geography and Political Science from the University of Manitoba.
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